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On Slopes of Kilimanjaro, Shift In Climate Hits Coffee Harvest

Yale Environment 360 - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 07:37

Rising temperatures and changing precipitation are taking a toll on coffee farms worldwide, including the plantations around Mount Kilimanjaro. If the world hopes to sustain its two billion cup-a-day habit, scientists say, new climate-resilient species of coffee must be developed. BY DANIEL GROSSMAN

Categories: Environmental News

Wolf transplant could reset iconic island study

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Wolf transplant could reset iconic island study

Nature 541, 7635 (2017). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature.2016.21217

Author: Emma Marris

US government proposes introducing wolves to Isle Royale as population dwindles.

Categories: Literature

Place your bets for a white Christmas

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Place your bets for a white Christmas

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). doi:10.1038/540484a

But don’t fall for an old chestnut.

Categories: Literature

Raise the importance of retirement policy

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Raise the importance of retirement policy

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). doi:10.1038/540484b

Studies that inform policies on retirement need to assess occupations as well.

Categories: Literature

How Woody Guthrie can help us fight for science

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

How Woody Guthrie can help us fight for science

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540485a

Author: Jacqueline M. Vadjunec

After the election of Donald Trump, Jacqueline M. Vadjunec offers a message of resistance and hope from deep within the US Bible Belt.

Categories: Literature

US Earth scientists plan for uncertain future under Trump

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

US Earth scientists plan for uncertain future under Trump

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540492a

Authors: Jeff Tollefson & Alexandra Witze

Concerned by president-elect’s choice of advisers, researchers take steps to defend their fields.

Categories: Literature

World Health Organization rethinks its response to disease outbreaks

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

World Health Organization rethinks its response to disease outbreaks

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature.2016.21134

Author: Erika Check Hayden

Programme aims to prevent crises similar to the recent Ebola epidemic.

Categories: Literature

Take the long view

Nature - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Take the long view

Nature 540, 7634 (2016). doi:10.1038/540520a

Author: Ian L. Boyd

At the end of a difficult year for evidence, Ian L. Boyd, a chief scientific adviser to the UK government, draws lessons for making research more relevant.

Categories: Literature

Diversity is the question, not the answer

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Diversity is the question, not the answer

The ISME Journal 11, 1 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.118

Author: Ashley Shade

Categories: Literature

iVirus: facilitating new insights in viral ecology with software and community data sets imbedded in a cyberinfrastructure

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

iVirus: facilitating new insights in viral ecology with software and community data sets imbedded in a cyberinfrastructure

The ISME Journal 11, 7 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.89

Authors: Benjamin Bolduc, Ken Youens-Clark, Simon Roux, Bonnie L Hurwitz & Matthew B Sullivan

Categories: Literature

Interleukin-15 promotes intestinal dysbiosis with butyrate deficiency associated with increased susceptibility to colitis

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Interleukin-15 promotes intestinal dysbiosis with butyrate deficiency associated with increased susceptibility to colitis

The ISME Journal 11, 15 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.114

Authors: Marlies Meisel, Toufic Mayassi, Hannah Fehlner-Peach, Jason C Koval, Sarah L O'Brien, Reinhard Hinterleitner, Kathryn Lesko, Sangman Kim, Romain Bouziat, Li Chen, Christopher R Weber, Sarkis K Mazmanian, Bana Jabri & Dionysios A Antonopoulos

Categories: Literature

Ubiquitous marine bacterium inhibits diatom cell division

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Ubiquitous marine bacterium inhibits diatom cell division

The ISME Journal 11, 31 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.112

Authors: Helena M van Tol, Shady A Amin & E Virginia Armbrust

Categories: Literature

Root microbiota dynamics of perennial Arabis alpina are dependent on soil residence time but independent of flowering time

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Root microbiota dynamics of perennial Arabis alpina are dependent on soil residence time but independent of flowering time

The ISME Journal 11, 43 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.109

Authors: Nina Dombrowski, Klaus Schlaeppi, Matthew T Agler, Stéphane Hacquard, Eric Kemen, Ruben Garrido-Oter, Jörg Wunder, George Coupland & Paul Schulze-Lefert

Categories: Literature

Functional traits dominate the diversity-related selection of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Functional traits dominate the diversity-related selection of bacterial communities in the rhizosphere

The ISME Journal 11, 56 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.108

Authors: Yan Yan, Eiko E Kuramae, Mattias de Hollander, Peter G L Klinkhamer & Johannes A van Veen

Categories: Literature

Microbe–microbe interactions trigger Mn(II)-oxidizing gene expression

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Microbe–microbe interactions trigger Mn(II)-oxidizing gene expression

The ISME Journal 11, 67 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.106

Authors: Jinsong Liang, Yaohui Bai, Yujie Men & Jiuhui Qu

Categories: Literature

Genomics of variation in nitrogen fixation activity in a population of the thermophilic cyanobacterium Mastigocladus laminosus

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Genomics of variation in nitrogen fixation activity in a population of the thermophilic cyanobacterium Mastigocladus laminosus

The ISME Journal 11, 78 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.105

Authors: Patrick R Hutchins & Scott R Miller

Categories: Literature

Genomic composition and dynamics among Methanomicrobiales predict adaptation to contrasting environments

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Genomic composition and dynamics among Methanomicrobiales predict adaptation to contrasting environments

The ISME Journal 11, 87 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.104

Authors: Patrick Browne, Hideyuki Tamaki, Nikos Kyrpides, Tanja Woyke, Lynne Goodwin, Hiroyuki Imachi, Suzanna Bräuer, Joseph B Yavitt, Wen-Tso Liu, Stephen Zinder & Hinsby Cadillo-Quiroz

Categories: Literature

The antibiotic resistome of swine manure is significantly altered by association with the Musca domestica larvae gut microbiome

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

The antibiotic resistome of swine manure is significantly altered by association with the Musca domestica larvae gut microbiome

The ISME Journal 11, 100 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.103

Authors: Hang Wang, Naseer Sangwan, Hong-Yi Li, Jian-Qiang Su, Wei-Yin Oyang, Zhi-Jian Zhang, Jack A Gilbert, Yong-Guan Zhu, Fan Ping & Han-Luo Zhang

Categories: Literature

Adaptive thermostability of light-harvesting complexes in marine picocyanobacteria

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

Adaptive thermostability of light-harvesting complexes in marine picocyanobacteria

The ISME Journal 11, 112 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.102

Authors: Justine Pittera, Frédéric Partensky & Christophe Six

Categories: Literature

The methanogenic redox cofactor F420 is widely synthesized by aerobic soil bacteria

ISME - Tue, 12/20/2016 - 01:00

The methanogenic redox cofactor F420 is widely synthesized by aerobic soil bacteria

The ISME Journal 11, 125 (January 2017). doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.100

Authors: Blair Ney, F Hafna Ahmed, Carlo R Carere, Ambarish Biswas, Andrew C Warden, Sergio E Morales, Gunjan Pandey, Stephen J Watt, John G Oakeshott, Matthew C Taylor, Matthew B Stott, Colin J Jackson & Chris Greening

Categories: Literature

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