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Astronomy: Brightest-ever supernova

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Astronomy: Brightest-ever supernova

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529259d

A supernova has been spotted that is twice as luminous as the previous record holder — at its peak it blazed brighter than 570 billion Suns.Subo Dong at Peking University in Beijing and his colleagues spotted the exploding star, called ASASSN-15lh, in June last

Categories: Literature

Conservation: Protected areas miss key corals

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Conservation: Protected areas miss key corals

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529259e

Only a tiny percentage of the world's corals and tropical fish is safeguarded by current marine protected areas.David Mouillot at the University of Montpellier in France and his colleagues compared the geographical range of 805 species of reef-forming hard corals (pictured) and

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 15–21 January 2016

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

The week in science: 15–21 January 2016

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/529260a

Ebola returns; a rocket falls; and a scientist becomes Taiwan’s next vice-president.

Categories: Literature

Evidence grows for giant planet on fringes of Solar System

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Evidence grows for giant planet on fringes of Solar System

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/529266a

Author: Alexandra Witze

Gravitational signature hints at massive object that orbits the Sun every 20,000 years.

Categories: Literature

Monster El Niño probed by meteorologists

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Monster El Niño probed by meteorologists

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/529267a

Author: Richard Monastersky

Unprecedented Pacific Ocean campaign aims to improve forecasts for strong storms.

Categories: Literature

When chickens go wild

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

When chickens go wild

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/529270a

Author: Ewen Callaway

The feral chickens of Kauai provide a unique opportunity to study what happens when domesticated animals escape and evolve.

Categories: Literature

Genomics: DNA and diasporas

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Genomics: DNA and diasporas

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529279a

Author: Fatimah L. C. Jackson

Fatimah L. C. Jackson weighs up a study on the cultural politics of genetic testing among African Americans.

Categories: Literature

Multidisciplinarity: Collaborative to the core

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Multidisciplinarity: Collaborative to the core

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529280a

Author: Rick Rylance

Rick Rylance applauds a study on the lean new model for research teamwork.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Books in brief

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529281a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Whaling permits: Japan's whaling is unscientific

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Whaling permits: Japan's whaling is unscientific

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529283a

Authors: Andrew S. Brierley & Phillip J. Clapham

Japanese whalers are back in the Southern Ocean, aiming to kill 333 minke whales — ostensibly for the purposes of scientific research — under special permits issued by their government. In our view, the science behind Japan's whaling activity has not passed a reasonable standard

Categories: Literature

No myth: Benefits of breast screening

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

No myth: Benefits of breast screening

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529283b

Authors: Jeremy M. Berg & Wendie A. Berg

Your attempt to debunk the “myth” that cancer screening saves lives is ill-conceived for breast cancer (Nature528, 322–325;10.1038/528322a2015). Women should be aware of the benefits and potential harms of breast screening, including that it can reduce

Categories: Literature

No myth: Population rise unsustainable

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

No myth: Population rise unsustainable

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529283c

Author: Richard E. White

You correctly point out that exponential human population growth is a myth (see Nature528, 322–325;10.1038/528322a2015). The rate of growth has been slowing since 1970, largely as a result of education efforts aimed at women and girls, and

Categories: Literature

Spain: Language ruling stymies brain gain

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Spain: Language ruling stymies brain gain

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529283d

Authors: Pau Carazo & Enrique Font

Even a Nobel laureate would now be unlikely to be appointed to the science teaching faculty in many of Spain's best universities. This absurd situation is a result of tenure-track positions becoming conditional on a fluency in Spanish and/or the university's regional language. The restriction,

Categories: Literature

China: Water scheme acts as ecological buffer

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

China: Water scheme acts as ecological buffer

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529283e

Authors: Han Lin, Saixing Zeng & Hanyang Ma

We disagree with Jon Barnett and colleagues that China's South-to-North Water Diversion (SNWD) project marks a low point for big engineering solutions to the country's water problems (Nature527, 295–297;10.1038/527295a2015). The SNWD conveyed 8.37 billion cubic metres

Categories: Literature

Alfred Goodman Gilman (1941–2015)

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Alfred Goodman Gilman (1941–2015)

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529284a

Author: Robert J. Lefkowitz

Pharmacologist who won a Nobel prize for his discovery of G proteins.

Categories: Literature

Paper craft

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Paper craft

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/nj7586-427a

Authors: Dmitry Budker & Derek Jackson Kimball

Consensus with co-authors is vital when writing up research, say Dmitry Budker and Derek Jackson Kimball.

Categories: Literature

Tracked changes

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Tracked changes

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/nj7586-429a

Author: Eli Lazarus

Writing together bridges disciplines, says Eli Lazarus.

Categories: Literature

Trade talk: Science strategist

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Trade talk: Science strategist

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/nj7586-429b

Author: Monya Baker

Working as a consultant demands scientific thinking, says Gautham Venugopalan.

Categories: Literature

Frontiers in biology

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Frontiers in biology

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/529297a

Authors: Barbara Marte, Sadaf Shadan, Clare Thomas, Christina Tobin Kåhrström & Ursula Weiss

The Nature Insight 'Frontiers in biology' aims to cover timely and important developments in biology, ranging from the subcellular to the organismal level, and including molecular mechanisms and biomedicine.The collection begins with a Review on metastasis, which remains a significant challenge in the

Categories: Literature

Metastatic colonization by circulating tumour cells

Nature - Wed, 01/20/2016 - 01:00

Metastatic colonization by circulating tumour cells

Nature 529, 7586 (2016). doi:10.1038/nature17038

Authors: Joan Massagué & Anna C. Obenauf

Metastasis is the main cause of death in people with cancer. To colonize distant organs, circulating tumour cells must overcome many obstacles through mechanisms that we are only now starting to understand. These include infiltrating distant tissue, evading immune defences, adapting to supportive niches, surviving

Categories: Literature

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