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Cloud cover

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Cloud cover

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523128a

Opposition to storing vast scientific data sets on cloud-computing platforms is weakening.

Categories: Literature

We need a measured approach to metrics

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

We need a measured approach to metrics

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/523129a

Author: James Wilsdon

Quantitative indicators of research output can inform decisions but must be supported by robust analysis, argues James Wilsdon.

Categories: Literature

Conservation: Amazon wildlife hit by hydropower

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Conservation: Amazon wildlife hit by hydropower

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523130a

A major hydroelectric dam in the Amazon basin has severely reduced biodiversity.Brazil's Balbina Dam left more than 3,000 square kilometres of Amazonian forest underwater and created thousands of islands (pictured) when it was built in 1986. Maíra Benchimol and Carlos Peres from the University

Categories: Literature

Crop science: A gene for better and longer rice

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Crop science: A gene for better and longer rice

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523130b

A gene that can improve the quality of rice without reducing yield has been identified by two separate teams.Long, slender grains are considered a mark of quality for rice in many parts of the world. Xiangdong Fu of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in

Categories: Literature

Physics: Tighter limits on dark matter

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Physics: Tighter limits on dark matter

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523130c

Atomic spectroscopy can aid the search for ultralight dark matter.Ken Van Tilburg at Stanford University, California, and his team measured the energy emitted as atoms of the rare-earth element dysprosium transitioned between two electronic states of very similar energy over a two-year period.They

Categories: Literature

Animal behaviour: Flying spiders also sail on water

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Animal behaviour: Flying spiders also sail on water

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523130d

Spiders that use wind to carry them to new locations not only can survive a landing on water, but can also sail, even on fairly turbulent surfaces.Many spiders exhibit 'ballooning' behaviour — they spin silken sails to travel long distances on the wind. It

Categories: Literature

Plant science: A gene for evening scents

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Plant science: A gene for evening scents

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523131a

Petunias release their scent following the daily rhythm of a circadian-clock gene.Takato Imaizumi of the University of Washington in Seattle and his colleagues identified a gene that they call PhLHY in the fragrant flower Petunia hybrida, which releases volatile scent molecules primarily

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Event pile-up may explain solar storm

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Astronomy: Event pile-up may explain solar storm

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523131b

A rare combination of factors might have combined to make a solar storm in March 2015 the strongest seen for a decade.Like most such storms, this one began when the Sun spurted fast-moving plasma in an event called a coronal mass ejection. A different

Categories: Literature

Chemistry: A boost for magnetic imaging

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Chemistry: A boost for magnetic imaging

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523131c

Signals from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be substantially enhanced by 'hyperpolarizing' nuclear spins.Nuclear magnetic resonance and MRI rely on powerful magnets to align the nuclear spins of protons in atoms, which then emit radio signals on returning to their normal states. These signals

Categories: Literature

Virology: Mapping viral disease vectors

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Virology: Mapping viral disease vectors

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523131d

The mosquitoes that carry the dengue and chikungunya viruses are more widespread than ever before, and are likely to increase their ranges.Simon Hay at the University of Oxford, UK, and his team compiled more than 40,000 records of the occurrence of the mosquitoes Aedes

Categories: Literature

Biomechanics: Seahorses benefit from square tails

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Biomechanics: Seahorses benefit from square tails

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523131e

The unusual square tails of seahorses both help the animals' grasping ability and increase their toughness.Seahorses use their bone-armour-plated tails to grip the corals and plants in which they hide, but, unlike most animal tails, the cross-section of theirs is square rather than circular.

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 3–9 July 2015

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

The week in science: 3–9 July 2015

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/523132a

Solar plane breaks record; California clamps down on vaccine exemptions; and the outlook on world farming and food supply.

Categories: Literature

European labs set sights on continent-wide computing cloud

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

European labs set sights on continent-wide computing cloud

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/523136a

Author: Elizabeth Gibney

Giant public–private computing network would fulfil the European Commission’s vision of an open-research platform.

Categories: Literature

Data analysis: Create a cloud commons

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Data analysis: Create a cloud commons

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523149a

Authors: Lincoln D. Stein, Bartha M. Knoppers, Peter Campbell, Gad Getz & Jan O. Korbel

Major funding agencies should ensure that large biological data sets are stored in cloud services to enable easy access and fast analysis, say Lincoln D. Stein and colleagues.

Categories: Literature

Policy: Development goals should enable decision-making

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Policy: Development goals should enable decision-making

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523152a

Authors: Keith Shepherd, Douglas Hubbard, Norman Fenton, Karl Claxton, Eike Luedeling & Jan de Leeuw

Gathering data that answer particular questions is the most effective way to support the Sustainable Development Goals, say Keith Shepherd and colleagues.

Categories: Literature

Particle physics: Inside the Rad Lab

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Particle physics: Inside the Rad Lab

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523155a

Author: Jon Butterworth

Jon Butterworth relishes a tome on the research and the personalities that drove a century of smashing physics.

Categories: Literature

Physics: The impulse of beauty

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Physics: The impulse of beauty

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523156a

Author: Joseph Silk

Joseph Silk revels in Frank Wilczek's treatise on how symmetry and harmony drive the progress of science.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Books in brief

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523157a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Unwanted mutations: Standards needed for gene-editing errors

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Unwanted mutations: Standards needed for gene-editing errors

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523158a

Author: J. Keith Joung

It is important to develop consensus guidelines for defining off-target mutations in DNA, which could occur as an unintended side-effect of genome editing (see Nature522, 20–24;10.1038/522020a2015). I encourage the community to contribute to these discussions (see go.nature.com/zncbil

Categories: Literature

Unpaid researchers: Fieldwork grants would up diversity

Nature - Wed, 07/08/2015 - 00:00

Unpaid researchers: Fieldwork grants would up diversity

Nature 523, 7559 (2015). doi:10.1038/523158b

Author: Joan B. Silk

You flag a social media debate on the practice of using volunteers for field research in biology (Nature522, 131;10.1038/522131f2015). In our view, the solution is not to eliminate these positions, but to make them more worthwhile and accessible

Categories: Literature

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