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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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The future of Chinese research

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

The future of Chinese research

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534435a

To boost its research quality and innovation, China must strengthen its scientific foundations and let researchers — not policymakers — set the agenda for innovation and discovery.

Categories: Literature

Support gun research

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Support gun research

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534436a

The problem of gun violence in the United States must finally be addressed.

Categories: Literature

Biophysics: Chameleons' sticky spit grabs prey

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Biophysics: Chameleons' sticky spit grabs prey

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534438a

Adhesive mucus allows chameleons to snare insects with their long tongues.Pascal Damman at the University of Mons in Belgium and his colleagues collected mucus from the tongue pads of veiled chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus; pictured) and found that it is 400 times more

Categories: Literature

Metabolism: Bone hormone boosts exercise

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Metabolism: Bone hormone boosts exercise

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534438b

A hormone released from bones enhances muscle function during exercise, giving old mice the capabilities of young ones.Gerard Karsenty of Columbia University Medical Center in New York City and his colleagues found that blood concentrations of a hormone called osteocalcin increased during aerobic exercise

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Early galaxy has wisps of oxygen

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Astronomy: Early galaxy has wisps of oxygen

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534438c

Astronomers have detected oxygen in a 13-billion-year-old galaxy — the first time that the gas has been found at such an early stage of the Universe.A team led by Akio Inoue at Osaka Sangyo University in Daito, Japan, used the powerful Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter

Categories: Literature

Neuroscience: Smart birds have big brains

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Neuroscience: Smart birds have big brains

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534438d

Birds that sing or use tools have about as many neurons in their brains as monkeys do.Pavel Němec at Charles University in Prague and his colleagues measured the brain size of birds from 28 species, and counted the number of cells in the organs.

Categories: Literature

Neuroscience: Microbe makes mice social

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Neuroscience: Microbe makes mice social

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534438e

Female mice that eat a high-fat diet produce litters with social deficits that are linked to changes in the offspring's gut bacteria.Mauro Costa-Mattioli at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and his colleagues compared offspring from mothers that ate a high-fat diet with

Categories: Literature

Medical devices: Insect-eye camera peers inside gut

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Medical devices: Insect-eye camera peers inside gut

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534439a

Mini cameras at the end of a probe that are designed to 'see' like an insect's compound eye could eventually be used in medical endoscopes.Ömer Cogal and Yusuf Leblebici at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne built a dome-shaped device measuring 10

Categories: Literature

Therapeutics: Antibody double trouble for HIV

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Therapeutics: Antibody double trouble for HIV

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534439b

Genetically engineered human antibodies that bind to two targets on HIV could one day be used to treat and prevent the disease.'Broadly neutralizing' antibodies can block various HIV strains, but the virus can overcome them by changing the viral protein that the antibodies recognize.

Categories: Literature

Organic chemistry: Plastic waste turned into fuel

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Organic chemistry: Plastic waste turned into fuel

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534439c

Plastic from bottles and bags can be degraded into liquid fuels and waxes using available catalysts.Polyethylene is the world's most common plastic, but is difficult to break down, typically requiring temperatures higher than 400 °C. A team led by Zheng Huang at the Shanghai

Categories: Literature

Ecology: A climate refuge for trees

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Ecology: A climate refuge for trees

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534439d

Forests in northeastern North America (pictured) could thrive in a warmer climate.How trees will react to a warmer environment is unclear; low average temperatures hamper their growth but higher temperatures can limit water availability. Loic D'Orangeville of the University of Quebec at

Categories: Literature

Neurobiology: Mitochondria make nerves grow

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Neurobiology: Mitochondria make nerves grow

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534439e

Enhancing the mobility of energy-producing structures called mitochondria in injured neurons helps these cells to regenerate in mice.After an injury, some young neurons can regrow their long signalling arms known as axons, but mature cells cannot. Zu-Hang Sheng of the National Institutes of Health

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 17–23 June 2016

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

The week in science: 17–23 June 2016

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534440a

Daring Antarctic evacuation under way; US medical association declares gun violence a health crisis; and astronomers find Earth in a rocky relationship.

Categories: Literature

Giant SKA telescope rattles South African community

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Giant SKA telescope rattles South African community

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534444a

Author: Sarah Wild

Struggle in Northern Cape province highlights a balancing act that scientists leading gigantic projects face.

Categories: Literature

Canadian earthquake detector has deep-sea edge over US rival

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Canadian earthquake detector has deep-sea edge over US rival

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534446a

Author: Nicola Jones

Sea-floor instruments will monitor seismic activity very close to the Cascadia fault.

Categories: Literature

Science in China

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Science in China

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534451a

A special issue looks at the country's astonishing scientific trajectory as it seeks to secure its spot among the leaders in innovation.

Categories: Literature

China by the numbers

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

China by the numbers

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534452a

Author: Richard Van Noorden

Research capacity has grown rapidly, and now quality is on the rise.

Categories: Literature

China’s bid to be a DNA superpower

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

China’s bid to be a DNA superpower

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/534462a

Author: David Cyranoski

First China conquered DNA sequencing. Now it wants to dominate precision medicine too.

Categories: Literature

Bioethics in China: No wild east

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Bioethics in China: No wild east

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534465a

Authors: Douglas Sipp & Duanqing Pei

China has lessons for the world when it comes to overseeing ethically sensitive research in the life sciences, argue Douglas Sipp and Duanqing Pei.

Categories: Literature

Policy: Boost basic research in China

Wed, 06/22/2016 - 00:00

Policy: Boost basic research in China

Nature 534, 7608 (2016). doi:10.1038/534467a

Author: Wei Yang

Improving the quality, integrity and applicability of scientific research will underpin long-term economic growth, writes Wei Yang.

Categories: Literature

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