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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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Can old computers bring Palestinians and Israelis together?

Sat, 12/03/2016 - 10:00

Can old computers bring Palestinians and Israelis together?

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540022a

Author: Josie Glausiusz

Some of the most toxic refuse from modern society ends up in poor communities. Researchers are helping one area in the Middle East clean up its electronic-waste problem.

Categories: Literature

Stem cells and interspecies chimaeras

Sat, 12/03/2016 - 10:00

Stem cells and interspecies chimaeras

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/nature20573

Authors: Jun Wu, Henry T. Greely, Rudolf Jaenisch, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Janet Rossant & Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte

Chimaeras are both monsters of the ancient imagination and a long-established research tool. Recent advances, particularly those dealing with the identification and generation of various kinds of stem cells, have broadened the repertoire and utility of mammalian interspecies chimaeras and carved out new paths towards

Categories: Literature

Organization and functions of mGlu and GABAB receptor complexes

Sat, 12/03/2016 - 10:00

Organization and functions of mGlu and GABAB receptor complexes

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/nature20566

Authors: Jean-Philippe Pin & Bernhard Bettler

The neurotransmitters glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transmit synaptic signals by activating fast-acting ligand-gated ion channels and more slowly acting G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The GPCRs for these neurotransmitters, metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) and GABAB receptors, are atypical GPCRs with a large extracellular domain and

Categories: Literature

Post-publication criticism is crucial, but should be constructive

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Post-publication criticism is crucial, but should be constructive

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540007b

In an era of online discussion, debate must remain nuanced and courteous.

Categories: Literature

Researchers serve up suggestions to reduce food waste

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Researchers serve up suggestions to reduce food waste

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540008a

A change in cultural and social factors — such as overcoming a distaste for doggy bags — will be required to shift people’s behaviour.

Categories: Literature

Immunology: Macaque social status alters immunity

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Immunology: Macaque social status alters immunity

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010a

Changing the social status of macaques also changes their immune systems.Low social status has been linked to multiple health problems in humans and other primates, some of which may not be linked to the accessibility of food and other resources.Jenny Tung of Duke

Categories: Literature

Catalysts: Silicon added to life's toolbox

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Catalysts: Silicon added to life's toolbox

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010b

Molecules containing both carbon and silicon have become a standard part of synthetic chemistry, but life uses silicon only in inorganic compounds such as the shells of diatoms.Now, Frances Arnold and her collaborators at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena have engineered bacteria

Categories: Literature

Cancer: 'Jet lag' increases mouse cancer risk

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Cancer: 'Jet lag' increases mouse cancer risk

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010c

Mice with simulated jet lag have an increased risk of developing liver cancer.Sleeping out of step with the day–night cycle has been linked to various health disorders in humans. David Moore, Loning Fu and their colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas,

Categories: Literature

Seismology: Gravity changes before quake hits

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Seismology: Gravity changes before quake hits

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010d

Researchers have for the first time detected temporary changes in Earth's gravitational field just before an earthquake.Jean-Paul Montagner at the CNRS Institute of Earth Physics in Paris and his team analysed gravimetric and seismic data recorded during the massive 2011 Tohoku earthquake in Japan.

Categories: Literature

Climate change: Shifting niches spell trouble

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Climate change: Shifting niches spell trouble

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010e

Plants and animals will probably be unable to respond to changes in environmental conditions fast enough to keep pace with climate change.Tereza Jezkova and John Wiens of the University of Arizona, Tucson, looked at 56 plant and animal species and documented shifts in their

Categories: Literature

Palaeontology: Ancient reptile had a diaphragm

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Palaeontology: Ancient reptile had a diaphragm

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011a

The muscle that allows mammals to breathe deeply — the diaphragm — may have been present in some reptiles 300 million years ago, about 50 million years before it was thought to have appeared.Markus Lambertz at the University of Bonn in Germany and his

Categories: Literature

Quantum physics: Record set for linked photons

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Quantum physics: Record set for linked photons

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011b

Particles that have linked quantum states, known as 'entangled' particles, can affect each other's states even if they are physically separated. Now scientists have set a record by entangling ten photons — two more than achieved previously.Entangled particles should one day enable quantum computing

Categories: Literature

Materials science: Atom-thick coats for copper

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Materials science: Atom-thick coats for copper

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011c

Coating metals with a high-quality, single-atom-thick layer of 2D boron nitride can protect them from corrosion.Layers of 2D materials have been touted for use as protective coatings on surfaces but have shown mixed results, with some apparently even increasing corrosion rates in the long

Categories: Literature

Materials: Sensor detects UV exposure

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Materials: Sensor detects UV exposure

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011d

A sensor that sticks to the skin can give colour-coded readouts of ultraviolet light levels from the Sun, the leading cause of skin cancer.John Rogers at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and his colleagues developed the stretchable device (pictured), which is

Categories: Literature

Epigenetics: Gut microbes shape DNA

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Epigenetics: Gut microbes shape DNA

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011e

Gut microbes and the fatty acids they produce can regulate gene expression by influencing the 3D shape of their hosts' DNA.Intestinal bacteria are known to affect several aspects of host health, including the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. To study the mechanisms by

Categories: Literature

Chernobyl's shield, dodo skeleton and HIV vaccines

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Chernobyl's shield, dodo skeleton and HIV vaccines

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540012a

The week in science: 25 November–1 December 2016.

Categories: Literature

Experimental treatments aim to prevent brain damage in babies

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Experimental treatments aim to prevent brain damage in babies

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540017a

Author: Erika Check Hayden

Advances in neuroscience are driving the development of therapies that could save thousands of the most vulnerable patients.

Categories: Literature

A new global research agenda for food

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

A new global research agenda for food

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540030a

Authors: Lawrence Haddad, Corinna Hawkes, Patrick Webb, Sandy Thomas, John Beddington, Jeff Waage & Derek Flynn

Lawrence Haddad, Corinna Hawkes and colleagues propose ten ways to shift the focus from feeding people to nourishing them.

Categories: Literature

Fix food metrics

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Fix food metrics

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540033a

Authors: Pavan Sukhdev, Peter May & Alexander Müller

For sustainable, equitable nutrition we must count the true global costs and benefits of food production, urge Pavan Sukhdev, Peter May and Alexander Müller.

Categories: Literature

Book publishing: University presses adapt

Wed, 11/30/2016 - 01:00

Book publishing: University presses adapt

Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540035a

Author: Roger Schonfeld

Roger Schonfeld analyses how the sector's scientific books are faring in the digitized, open-access era.

Categories: Literature

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