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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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Parched California

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Parched California

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525005b

Drought highlights the state’s lack of an ecological strategy.

Categories: Literature

Rejection of GM crops is not a failure for science

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Rejection of GM crops is not a failure for science

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/525007a

Author: Colin Macilwain

Governments maintaining their antipathy for transgenic crops are sensibly balancing public consent with scientific evidence, says Colin Macilwain.

Categories: Literature

Fisheries: Finding a limit for deep-sea fishing

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Fisheries: Finding a limit for deep-sea fishing

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525008a

The negative ecological impact of trawling for fish at depths of more than 600 metres outweighs the commercial benefits.Deep-sea fish are particularly vulnerable to overfishing because populations grow slowly. This has led to calls for a maximum depth for trawling, but it has not

Categories: Literature

Applied physics: A low-power light amplifier

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Applied physics: A low-power light amplifier

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525008b

A semiconductor device can amplify the tiny signal from incoming photons using much less power and creating much less noise than current methods.Previously, converting a signal from photons into a usable electrical signal required the use of two devices running at relatively high voltages

Categories: Literature

Agriculture: Pig-farming history traced

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Agriculture: Pig-farming history traced

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525008c

Domesticated pigs (pictured) routinely interbred with wild boars — contrary to common assumptions that humans kept their animals isolated.Humans domesticated pigs from wild boars independently in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) and East Asia around 9,000 years ago. To learn about pig-population histories, a

Categories: Literature

Ecology: Coral foe becomes a friend

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Ecology: Coral foe becomes a friend

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525008d

Seaweed often inhibits the growth of corals, but it can help them when they are faced with a coral-eating starfish.Seaweed can suppress coral growth by shading it from sunlight and by releasing toxic chemicals. Cody Clements and Mark Hay at the Georgia Institute of

Categories: Literature

Stem cells: How stem cells tell signal from noise

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Stem cells: How stem cells tell signal from noise

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525009a

Mouse stem cells switch on a neural developmental program when the activity of a specific gene lasts for a certain length of time.Cells are flooded with many signals from gene expression. To find out how cells pick out the important ones from the background

Categories: Literature

Meteorology: Big coastal storms to come

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Meteorology: Big coastal storms to come

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525009b

Three major coastal cities on different continents could get walloped by tropical cyclones during the next century because of climate change.Ning Lin of Princeton University in New Jersey and Kerry Emanuel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge ran statistical models of how

Categories: Literature

Population biology: Cane toads wage chemical war

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Population biology: Cane toads wage chemical war

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525009c

Invasive toads in Australia could be turned against each other to control the population.Richard Shine at the University of Sydney in Australia and his colleagues grew cane toad (Rhinella marina) tadpoles and embryos together in containers in the laboratory, and separated them

Categories: Literature

Obesity: Genetic switch stores up fat

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Obesity: Genetic switch stores up fat

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525009d

A variation in a genetic region associated with obesity causes fat to be stored rather than burned.Melina Claussnitzer at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts, Manolis Kellis at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge and their colleagues studied fat cells

Categories: Literature

Ecology: Apes get by in degraded habitat

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Ecology: Apes get by in degraded habitat

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525009e

Endangered chimpanzees could be adapting to landscapes that have been broken up by human activity.Eastern chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) were thought to exist in low numbers in an area of Uganda where forest has been fragmented by farms and villages (pictured

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 28 August–3 September 2015

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

The week in science: 28 August–3 September 2015

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/525010a

Oliver Sacks dies; rare nautilus spotted after 30 years; and mystery of Knut’s death is solved.

Categories: Literature

The tiniest Lego: a tale of nanoscale motors, rotors, switches and pumps

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

The tiniest Lego: a tale of nanoscale motors, rotors, switches and pumps

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/525018a

Author: Mark Peplow

Inspired by biology, chemists have created a cornucopia of molecular parts that act as switches, motors and ratchets. Now it is time to do something useful with them.

Categories: Literature

Energy policy: Push renewables to spur carbon pricing

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Energy policy: Push renewables to spur carbon pricing

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525027a

Authors: Gernot Wagner, Tomas Kåberger, Susanna Olai, Michael Oppenheimer, Katherine Rittenhouse & Thomas Sterner

Make wind and solar power even cheaper by opening up access to the electricity grid and ending fossil-fuel subsidies, urge Gernot Wagner and colleagues.

Categories: Literature

Computer science: Enchantress of abstraction

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Computer science: Enchantress of abstraction

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525030a

Author: Richard Holmes

Richard Holmes re-examines the legacy of Ada Lovelace, mathematician and computer pioneer.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Books in brief

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525031a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Sustainable development goals: Monitor ecosystem services from space

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Sustainable development goals: Monitor ecosystem services from space

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525033a

Authors: Anna F. Cord, Ralf Seppelt & Woody Turner

We suggest that Earth observation should be used to monitor ecosystem services in the run-up to implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs; see also A. K.Skidmoreet al. Nature523, 403–405;10.1038/523403a2015).A reliable

Categories: Literature

Nicaragua: Biodiversity on canal route already at risk

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Nicaragua: Biodiversity on canal route already at risk

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525033b

Author: Jeffrey K. McCrary

The Nicaraguan government is reviewing an environmental and social impact study for a proposed 300-kilometre canal to connect the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. As members of the specialist team who contributed to the 'baseline' biodiversity assessment for the study, we are in a position to

Categories: Literature

Offsets: Factor failure into protected areas

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Offsets: Factor failure into protected areas

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525033c

Authors: Joseph M. Kiesecker, Bruce McKenney & Peter Kareiva

Martine Maron and colleagues assume that a nation's commitment to establishing protected areas of biodiversity provides a suitable baseline for determining the “additionality” of any offset initiative based on habitat protection (Nature523, 401–403;10.1038/523401a2015). The evidence indicates

Categories: Literature

Astrophysics: Galaxy γ-ray signal was not oversold

Wed, 09/02/2015 - 00:00

Astrophysics: Galaxy γ-ray signal was not oversold

Nature 525, 7567 (2015). doi:10.1038/525033d

Author: Alex Geringer-Sameth

We argue that Jan Conrad's depiction of our preprint (http://arxiv.org/abs/1503.02320; 2015) as a case study in 'crying wolf' lacks accuracy and credibility (Nature523, 27–28;10.1038/523027a2015).Based on public data from NASA's Fermi Large Area Telescope

Categories: Literature

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