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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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Gene editing in legal limbo in Europe

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Gene editing in legal limbo in Europe

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542392a

The European Union is dragging its feet on gene-editing rules and scientists should push the issue.

Categories: Literature

Pluto could be staging a comeback — and it’s not alone

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Pluto could be staging a comeback — and it’s not alone

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542392b

A proposal to massively expand the number of bodies called planets raises interesting questions.

Categories: Literature

Evolution: Origin of vertebrate gills

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Evolution: Origin of vertebrate gills

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542394a

The ancestor of all living vertebrates may have had gills, a finding that adds to a long-standing debate about the evolutionary history of gills.In jawless animals such as lampreys, gills form from the embryo's innermost layer of cells, or 'endoderm', whereas in jawed vertebrates,

Categories: Literature

Computing: A faster brain-inspired computer

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Computing: A faster brain-inspired computer

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542394b

A computer that mimics the way the brain works, and contains both optical and electronic parts, can recognize simple speech three times faster than earlier devices that used only optical components.Reservoir computers use neural networks made of interconnected units that relay signals in recurrent,

Categories: Literature

Cancer biology: Rogue metabolite halts DNA repair

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Cancer biology: Rogue metabolite halts DNA repair

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542394c

A range of cancers could have new treatment options thanks to the discovery that a metabolite made by many tumours increases their vulnerability to a class of drug.Tumours resort to a number of metabolic tricks to support their continued growth and survival. One metabolite

Categories: Literature

Glaciology: East Antarctica's Weddell woe

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Glaciology: East Antarctica's Weddell woe

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542394d

The immense East Antarctic ice sheet may be more vulnerable to rising temperatures in the Weddell Sea than previously thought.Earlier studies have predicted that most of the ice lost from Antarctica as a result of global warming will be from the West Antarctic Ice

Categories: Literature

Planetary science: Ceres has complex chemistry

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Planetary science: Ceres has complex chemistry

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542395a

The dwarf planet Ceres hosts organic compounds that are possible ingredients for life.NASA's Dawn spacecraft is orbiting Ceres (pictured), which is also the largest asteroid in the Solar System, and the craft has previously spotted signs of salts, ice and other basic

Categories: Literature

Palaeontology: Ancient reptile bore live young

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Palaeontology: Ancient reptile bore live young

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542395b

A 245-million-year-old fossil of a pregnant reptile offers the first evidence for live birth in the animal group that includes modern birds and crocodiles.Live birth has evolved dozens of times in vertebrates, but has never been seen in archosauromorphs, which emerged around 260 million

Categories: Literature

Imaging: 3D-printed camera sees like an eagle

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Imaging: 3D-printed camera sees like an eagle

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542395c

A tiny camera made of four different lenses 3D-printed on a chip can generate images with high resolution in the centre — similarly to the way the eyes of eagles and humans work.Simon Thiele and his colleagues at the University of Stuttgart, Germany, printed

Categories: Literature

Infectious disease: Autoimmunity in nodding syndrome

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Infectious disease: Autoimmunity in nodding syndrome

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542395d

A mysterious disorder that causes seizures in children in East Africa could be due to an autoimmune reaction.In Tanzania, Uganda and South Sudan, nodding syndrome causes children's heads to drop and results in epileptic seizures, cognitive impairment and sometimes death. Although people with the

Categories: Literature

Meteorology: High winds add to extreme deluges

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Meteorology: High winds add to extreme deluges

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542395e

Narrow bands of water vapour that typically travel over the ocean and dump huge volumes of rain on land, often causing flooding and landslides, come with another hazard — extreme wind.Duane Waliser of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and Bin Guan of

Categories: Literature

Daring deep-sea explorers, armyworm offensive and GM-rice theft

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Daring deep-sea explorers, armyworm offensive and GM-rice theft

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/542396a

The week in science: 17–23 February 2017.

Categories: Literature

Inside the Chinese lab poised to study world's most dangerous pathogens

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Inside the Chinese lab poised to study world's most dangerous pathogens

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature.2017.21487

Author: David Cyranoski

Maximum-security biolab is part of plan to build network of BSL-4 facilities across China.

Categories: Literature

An epigenetics gold rush: new controls for gene expression

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

An epigenetics gold rush: new controls for gene expression

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/542406a

Author: Cassandra Willyard

How rediscovered chemical tags on DNA and RNA are shaking up the field.

Categories: Literature

No publication without confirmation

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

No publication without confirmation

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542409a

Authors: Jeffrey S. Mogil & Malcolm R. Macleod

Jeffrey S. Mogil and Malcolm R. Macleod propose a new kind of paper that combines the flexibility of basic research with the rigour of clinical trials.

Categories: Literature

Water supply: The emptying well

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Water supply: The emptying well

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542412a

Author: Margaret Catley-Carlson

Margaret Catley-Carlson plunges into a study of a dwindling resource — groundwater.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Books in brief

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542413a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Population statistics: Does child survival limit family size?

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Population statistics: Does child survival limit family size?

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542414a

Authors: Malcolm Potts, Alisha Graves & Duff Gillespie

Hans Rosling (1948–2017), physician and epidemiologist, famously upturned assumptions widely held by the public and by the development community — assumptions that, thanks to US President Donald Trump, are back in the spotlight. A recurring theme of Rosling's was that family sizes have been shrinking

Categories: Literature

Viruses: Model to accelerate epidemic responses

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Viruses: Model to accelerate epidemic responses

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542414b

Author: John W. McCauley

On behalf of the Scientific Advisory Council of the influenza data-sharing initiative GISAID (www.gisaid.org), I suggest that the principles of this long-standing and successful programme could be extended to help speed on-the-ground responses to other emergent viral threats.GISAID operates under a unique

Categories: Literature

Community support: Locals embrace China nuclear project

Wed, 02/22/2017 - 01:00

Community support: Locals embrace China nuclear project

Nature 542, 7642 (2017). doi:10.1038/542414c

Authors: Hong Yang, Junqiang Xia & Roger J. Flower

Public support for China's nuclear-energy programme plummeted after Japan's Fukushima disaster in 2011. So far, however, there have been no reported protests against a proposed nuclear power plant in Zhangzhou in southeast China. Other nations could learn from the strategy used by the authorities to

Categories: Literature

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