You are hereNature
Can old computers bring Palestinians and Israelis together?
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540022a
Author: Josie Glausiusz
Some of the most toxic refuse from modern society ends up in poor communities. Researchers are helping one area in the Middle East clean up its electronic-waste problem.
Stem cells and interspecies chimaeras
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/nature20573
Authors: Jun Wu, Henry T. Greely, Rudolf Jaenisch, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, Janet Rossant & Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte
Chimaeras are both monsters of the ancient imagination and a long-established research tool. Recent advances, particularly those dealing with the identification and generation of various kinds of stem cells, have broadened the repertoire and utility of mammalian interspecies chimaeras and carved out new paths towards
Organization and functions of mGlu and GABAB receptor complexes
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/nature20566
Authors: Jean-Philippe Pin & Bernhard Bettler
The neurotransmitters glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transmit synaptic signals by activating fast-acting ligand-gated ion channels and more slowly acting G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The GPCRs for these neurotransmitters, metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) and GABAB receptors, are atypical GPCRs with a large extracellular domain and
Post-publication criticism is crucial, but should be constructive
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540007b
In an era of online discussion, debate must remain nuanced and courteous.
Researchers serve up suggestions to reduce food waste
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540008a
A change in cultural and social factors — such as overcoming a distaste for doggy bags — will be required to shift people’s behaviour.
Immunology: Macaque social status alters immunity
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010a
Changing the social status of macaques also changes their immune systems.Low social status has been linked to multiple health problems in humans and other primates, some of which may not be linked to the accessibility of food and other resources.Jenny Tung of Duke
Catalysts: Silicon added to life's toolbox
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010b
Molecules containing both carbon and silicon have become a standard part of synthetic chemistry, but life uses silicon only in inorganic compounds such as the shells of diatoms.Now, Frances Arnold and her collaborators at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena have engineered bacteria
Cancer: 'Jet lag' increases mouse cancer risk
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010c
Mice with simulated jet lag have an increased risk of developing liver cancer.Sleeping out of step with the day–night cycle has been linked to various health disorders in humans. David Moore, Loning Fu and their colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas,
Seismology: Gravity changes before quake hits
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010d
Researchers have for the first time detected temporary changes in Earth's gravitational field just before an earthquake.Jean-Paul Montagner at the CNRS Institute of Earth Physics in Paris and his team analysed gravimetric and seismic data recorded during the massive 2011 Tohoku earthquake in Japan.
Climate change: Shifting niches spell trouble
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540010e
Plants and animals will probably be unable to respond to changes in environmental conditions fast enough to keep pace with climate change.Tereza Jezkova and John Wiens of the University of Arizona, Tucson, looked at 56 plant and animal species and documented shifts in their
Palaeontology: Ancient reptile had a diaphragm
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011a
The muscle that allows mammals to breathe deeply — the diaphragm — may have been present in some reptiles 300 million years ago, about 50 million years before it was thought to have appeared.Markus Lambertz at the University of Bonn in Germany and his
Quantum physics: Record set for linked photons
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011b
Particles that have linked quantum states, known as 'entangled' particles, can affect each other's states even if they are physically separated. Now scientists have set a record by entangling ten photons — two more than achieved previously.Entangled particles should one day enable quantum computing
Materials science: Atom-thick coats for copper
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011c
Coating metals with a high-quality, single-atom-thick layer of 2D boron nitride can protect them from corrosion.Layers of 2D materials have been touted for use as protective coatings on surfaces but have shown mixed results, with some apparently even increasing corrosion rates in the long
Materials: Sensor detects UV exposure
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011d
A sensor that sticks to the skin can give colour-coded readouts of ultraviolet light levels from the Sun, the leading cause of skin cancer.John Rogers at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and his colleagues developed the stretchable device (pictured), which is
Epigenetics: Gut microbes shape DNA
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540011e
Gut microbes and the fatty acids they produce can regulate gene expression by influencing the 3D shape of their hosts' DNA.Intestinal bacteria are known to affect several aspects of host health, including the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. To study the mechanisms by
Chernobyl's shield, dodo skeleton and HIV vaccines
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540012a
The week in science: 25 November–1 December 2016.
Experimental treatments aim to prevent brain damage in babies
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/540017a
Author: Erika Check Hayden
Advances in neuroscience are driving the development of therapies that could save thousands of the most vulnerable patients.
A new global research agenda for food
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540030a
Authors: Lawrence Haddad, Corinna Hawkes, Patrick Webb, Sandy Thomas, John Beddington, Jeff Waage & Derek Flynn
Lawrence Haddad, Corinna Hawkes and colleagues propose ten ways to shift the focus from feeding people to nourishing them.
Fix food metrics
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540033a
Authors: Pavan Sukhdev, Peter May & Alexander Müller
For sustainable, equitable nutrition we must count the true global costs and benefits of food production, urge Pavan Sukhdev, Peter May and Alexander Müller.
Book publishing: University presses adapt
Nature 540, 7631 (2016). doi:10.1038/540035a
Author: Roger Schonfeld
Roger Schonfeld analyses how the sector's scientific books are faring in the digitized, open-access era.