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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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A patent problem

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

A patent problem

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521259b

Making lawsuits more risky for patent trolls is just one way to stop abuse of the system.

Categories: Literature

No more hidden solutions in bioinformatics

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

No more hidden solutions in bioinformatics

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/521261a

Author: Mauno Vihinen

Precision medicine cannot advance without full disclosure of how commercial genome sequencing and interpretation software works, says Mauno Vihinen.

Categories: Literature

Animal physiology: Fish keeps warm in cold waters

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Animal physiology: Fish keeps warm in cold waters

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521262a

A fish is able to maintain a warm body temperature in deep, cold waters.Some species such as tuna can keep parts of their bodies warm, but Nicholas Wegner of the National Marine Fisheries Service in La Jolla, California, and his colleagues report that the

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Spots spotted on Vega star

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Astronomy: Spots spotted on Vega star

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521262b

One of the brightest stars in the night sky seems to have surface structures called starspots — a surprising finding for this particular star.Torsten Böhm at the University of Toulouse in France and his colleagues used a telescope at France's Haute-Provence Observatory to look

Categories: Literature

Neuroscience: A way to regrow nerve fibres

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Neuroscience: A way to regrow nerve fibres

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521262c

Injured neurons in fruit flies and mice regrow better when the activity of Rtca, an RNA-processing enzyme, is reduced.Permanent damage to the central nervous system can occur when injured nerve cells fail to regenerate their axons — the long, impulse-transmitting part of the nerve

Categories: Literature

Optics: Iron atoms slow down X-rays

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Optics: Iron atoms slow down X-rays

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521262d

Researchers have made an X-ray beam travel 10,000 times slower than the speed of light — an effect seen before only for visible light.Physicists have previously slowed light waves to a crawl and even stopped them by controlling the transparency of the medium through

Categories: Literature

Cancer: Organoids mimic tumours

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Cancer: Organoids mimic tumours

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521262e

Human cancer tissue that is grown into 'organoids' in the laboratory could be used to test drug responses and to personalize therapy.Organoids are 3D cultures of cancerous cells that better represent the composition of a tumour in the body than cancer-cell lines, according to

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Quasar quartet in galactic nursery

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Astronomy: Quasar quartet in galactic nursery

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521263a

Astronomers have discovered a massive cluster of four quasars — a rare find of galaxies just being born.Quasars are young, bright galaxies powered by supermassive black holes and are hard to find because this youthful period is brief. Using the W. M. Keck Observatory

Categories: Literature

Chemical biology: Fish makes its own sunscreen

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Chemical biology: Fish makes its own sunscreen

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521263b

Zebrafish have the genes needed to synthesize a compound that can provide protection from ultraviolet radiation.Such chemicals have been found in fish but it was thought that they came from their diet or from microbes that live in or on the animals. Taifo Mahmud

Categories: Literature

Ecology: Rare bees barely benefit ecosystem

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Ecology: Rare bees barely benefit ecosystem

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521263c

The sheer number of the most common species in an ecosystem — rather than the level of biodiversity — determines how much the system benefits people.Conservationists have argued that biodiversity supports ecosystem services such as crop pollination. To separate out the effects of species

Categories: Literature

Palaeontology: Gut microbes give good fossils

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Palaeontology: Gut microbes give good fossils

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521263d

Gut microbes are the main driver of tissue decay when animals die, and were probably important for preserving soft-tissue anatomy in fossil animals.Philip Donoghue at the University of Bristol, UK, and his colleagues studied the brine shrimp (Artemia salina; pictured left)

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 15–21 May 2015

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

The week in science: 15–21 May 2015

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/521264a

WHO outlines plans for a crisis fund in wake of Ebola; rules to curb polar pollution agreed; and newly discovered rodent is named after James Bond.

Categories: Literature

Congress seeks to quash patent trolls

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Congress seeks to quash patent trolls

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/521270a

Author: Heidi Ledford

Revised legislation would spare universities from being penalized in the same way as unscrupulous companies.

Categories: Literature

Russia turns screw on science foundation

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Russia turns screw on science foundation

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/521273a

Author: Quirin Schiermeier

Ministry of Justice threatens to label Dynasty Foundation a ‘foreign agent’.

Categories: Literature

Quantum physics: What is really real?

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Quantum physics: What is really real?

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/521278a

Author: Zeeya Merali

A wave of experiments is probing the root of quantum weirdness.

Categories: Literature

Sustainability: Clean cooking empowers women

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Sustainability: Clean cooking empowers women

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521284a

Authors: Laura S. Brown & William F. Lankford

Putting women and girls at the centre of solar-oven programmes builds communities and reduces pollution, say Laura S. Brown and William F. Lankford.

Categories: Literature

Physics: Fighting for time

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Physics: Fighting for time

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521286a

Author: Graham Farmelo

Graham Farmelo enjoys an account of Einstein's clash with philosopher Henri Bergson.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Books in brief

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521287a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Palaeontology: Tracing the backbone in China's rocks

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Palaeontology: Tracing the backbone in China's rocks

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521288a

Author: Xu Xing

Xu Xing relishes a bilingual book on the evolution of vertebrate life in his fabulously fossil-rich country.

Categories: Literature

Mutational technologies: Engage public in gene-editing policy

Wed, 05/20/2015 - 00:00

Mutational technologies: Engage public in gene-editing policy

Nature 521, 7552 (2015). doi:10.1038/521289a

Author: Filippa Lentzos

I agree that new mutational technologies such as gene editing and gain-of-function research call for public debate, global engagement and broad evaluation by experts so that policy-makers are properly informed (see Nature521, 5; 10.1038/521005a2015).The degree of experimental freedom in

Categories: Literature

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