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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
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Go forth and replicate!

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Go forth and replicate!

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536373a

To make replication studies more useful, researchers must make more of them, funders must encourage them and journals must publish them.

Categories: Literature

China's soil plan needs strong support

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

China's soil plan needs strong support

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/536375a

Author: Hong Yang

The government must accompany its action plan on soil quality with effective laws and remediation measures, says Hong Yang.

Categories: Literature

Cell biology: See-through rodents

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Cell biology: See-through rodents

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536376a

An imaging technique lets scientists peer through the skin of a whole mouse or rat to examine its organs after death.Ali Ertürk of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich in Germany and his colleagues created a technique called ultimate DISCO (uDISCO), which removes pigments

Categories: Literature

Ecology: Longing for home undid cave bears

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Ecology: Longing for home undid cave bears

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536376b

When looking for a spot to hibernate, ancient cave bears stuck with family.Cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) went extinct 24,000 years ago, whereas the related brown bears (Ursus arctos) still thrive. To explain these differing fates, a team led by Gloria

Categories: Literature

Economics: Satellites map world poverty

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Economics: Satellites map world poverty

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536376c

Computer scientists have used satellite imagery and machine-learning techniques to make detailed maps of regions where poverty is common.Neal Jean and his colleagues at Stanford University in California focused on Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Rwanda and combined various data sets, including daytime images

Categories: Literature

Genomics: Medicine less precise for some

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Genomics: Medicine less precise for some

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536376d

A lack of ethnic diversity in people whose genomes have been sequenced is complicating precision medicine for people with non-European ancestry.David Goldstein of Columbia University in New York City and Slavé Petrovski of the Royal Melbourne Hospital in Australia examined data from the Exome

Categories: Literature

Particle physics: Neutrino search closes in

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Particle physics: Neutrino search closes in

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536376e

Scientists are getting closer to discovering whether neutrinos and antineutrinos are in fact the same particles — known as Majorana neutrinos.The theory, proposed by Italian physicist Ettore Majorana in the 1930s, could explain why neutrinos have mass and why the Universe contains more matter

Categories: Literature

Materials science: Bulk production of mother-of-pearl

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Materials science: Bulk production of mother-of-pearl

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536377a

Artificial mother-of-pearl can be made by mimicking the natural process of mineralization.Mother-of-pearl, or nacre, is remarkably strong yet biodegradable. However, its complex layered structure, in which mineral plates form in an organic scaffold, makes it difficult to recreate in bulk. Shu-Hong Yu at the

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Dark-matter evidence weakens

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Astronomy: Dark-matter evidence weakens

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536377b

A survey of X-ray light from galaxy clusters has found no evidence of dark matter decaying, in the latest in a series of contradictory results.In 2014, two separate teams found an unexpected bump in the energy spectra of dozens of galaxy clusters. Emissions at

Categories: Literature

Anthropology: Early humans were picky dressers

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Anthropology: Early humans were picky dressers

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536377c

Ancient clothing is rarely preserved, but two independent teams have discovered what early humans wore to cope with the cold European weather.Mark Collard at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, Canada, and his colleagues compared the animals that modern indigenous groups used to make cold-weather

Categories: Literature

Evolution: New dolphin species found

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Evolution: New dolphin species found

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536377d

A fossilized dolphin skull in the Smithsonian collection has been identified as an entirely new species 65 years after it was dug out of the ground in Alaska.Alexandra Boersma and Nicholas Pyenson of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington DC

Categories: Literature

Cell biology: Stem cells predict drug safety

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Cell biology: Stem cells predict drug safety

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536377e

Heart muscle cells derived from individual patients' stem cells could be used to test the safety of a drug before it's administered — a boon for precision medicine.Elena Matsa and Joseph Wu of Stanford University in California and their colleagues made heart muscle cells

Categories: Literature

The week in science: 19–25 August 2016

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

The week in science: 19–25 August 2016

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/536378a

Putin appoints church historian as science minister; CRISPR patent row flares up; and the world’s largest aircraft makes its maiden flight.

Categories: Literature

Earth-sized planet around nearby star is astronomy dream come true

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Earth-sized planet around nearby star is astronomy dream come true

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature.2016.20445

Author: Alexandra Witze

Planet orbiting Proxima Centauri is likely to be the focus of future interstellar voyages.

Categories: Literature

Busting the billion-dollar myth: how to slash the cost of drug development

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Busting the billion-dollar myth: how to slash the cost of drug development

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/536388a

Author: Amy Maxmen

A non-profit organization is proving that new drugs don't have to cost a fortune. Can its model work more broadly?

Categories: Literature

In retrospect: Flowers for Algernon

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

In retrospect: Flowers for Algernon

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536394a

Author: Ananyo Bhattacharya

Ananyo Bhattacharya looks back at a science-fiction touchstone on the ethics of experimental biology.

Categories: Literature

Books in brief

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Books in brief

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536395a

Author: Barbara Kiser

Barbara Kiser reviews five of the week's best science picks.

Categories: Literature

Conservation: Don't let climate crush coral efforts

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Conservation: Don't let climate crush coral efforts

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536396a

Authors: Jennifer McGowan, Hugh P. Possingham & Ken Anthony

June's International Coral Reef Symposium brought together more than 2,500 influential people who work on coral reefs, yet discussion centred on solving the global-scale issue of climate change, following a worldwide coral-bleaching event (Naturehttp://doi.org/bdmn; 2015). In our view, the symposium missed

Categories: Literature

Water management: Social changes affect water quality too

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Water management: Social changes affect water quality too

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536396b

Author: Alec Rolston

Researchers need a better understanding of the effects of social shifts on river basins and water catchments, in addition to the impacts of climate change (A.MichalakNature535, 349–350; 2016). To help safeguard water-catchment services against these social

Categories: Literature

Medical disorders: Stop marginalizing rare syndromes

Wed, 08/24/2016 - 00:00

Medical disorders: Stop marginalizing rare syndromes

Nature 536, 7617 (2016). doi:10.1038/536396c

Author: Svein Olav Kolset

Rare medical disorders are extremely challenging for patients and their families, and for researchers trying to study them. As a scientist and father of a 41-year-old son with CHARGE syndrome, which affects the heart, ears, eyes and other organs, I believe that we need stronger

Categories: Literature

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