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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
Updated: 4 hours 18 min ago

The maximum climate ambition needs a firm research backing

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

The maximum climate ambition needs a firm research backing

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537585b

We need to know what the 1.5 °C warming target will involve — even if we don’t reach it.

Categories: Literature

The challenges facing Habitat III

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

The challenges facing Habitat III

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537586a

United Nations conference on cities needs to set goals for the next 20 years.

Categories: Literature

Encourage governments to heed scientific advice

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Encourage governments to heed scientific advice

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/537587a

Author: Bill Colglazier

To stop evidence-based policy losing its clout, researchers need to engage with policymakers and understand their needs, says Bill Colglazier.

Categories: Literature

Glaciology: Greenland ice loss underestimated

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Glaciology: Greenland ice loss underestimated

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537588a

Greenland's glaciers could be shrinking more in response to climate warming than scientists had thought.Shfaqat Khan of the Technical University of Denmark in Lyngby and his colleagues used data from a network of Global Positioning System stations across Greenland (pictured) to measure the rise

Categories: Literature

Biotechnology: Portable way to make proteins

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Biotechnology: Portable way to make proteins

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537588b

Freeze-dried pellets of cellular proteins can be mixed with DNA sequences to produce vaccines, antibodies and other therapeutics without the need for specialized equipment.Engineered living cells are commonly used to mass-produce drugs, but the techniques involved are hard to perform in remote areas. To

Categories: Literature

Epigenetics: CRISPR edits gene methylation

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Epigenetics: CRISPR edits gene methylation

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537588c

The CRISPR gene-editing tool has been modified so that it can add or remove methyl groups at specific positions on DNA, allowing researchers to test how such changes affect gene expression.DNA methylation helps to regulate gene expression, but its role at specific sites has

Categories: Literature

Stem cells: Targeting pain of spinal-cord injury

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Stem cells: Targeting pain of spinal-cord injury

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537588d

Neurons derived from human embryonic stem cells can reduce pain and other effects of spinal-cord injury in mice.Persistent nerve pain and loss of bladder control often follow spinal-cord injury, and may be linked to reduced signalling by the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. Thomas Fandel and

Categories: Literature

Materials: Graphene jiggles up and down

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Materials: Graphene jiggles up and down

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589a

Nanometre-scale measurements have revealed, with record precision, how atom-thick layers of carbon called graphene vibrate vertically.Paul Thibado of the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville and his colleagues used a scanning tunnelling microscope to study how a free-standing sheet of graphene moves owing to random

Categories: Literature

Agriculture: Maize engineered to kill pest

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Agriculture: Maize engineered to kill pest

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589b

A bacterial protein protects maize (corn) from a major insect pest that has grown resistant to other insecticides.The larvae of western corn rootworm feed on maize roots, and cause substantial crop losses across North America and Europe. Transgenic 'Bt' maize plants expressing insecticidal proteins

Categories: Literature

Astronomy: Early star-forming gas found

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Astronomy: Early star-forming gas found

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589c

Astronomers have identified distant gas-rich galaxies that probably caused the Universe's rate of star formation to peak some 10 billion years ago.Several teams used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope in Chile to probe a well-studied patch of sky called the 'Hubble Ultra

Categories: Literature

Neuroscience: Ants get addicted to morphine

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Neuroscience: Ants get addicted to morphine

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589d

Ants get hooked on morphine much like humans do, showing similar changes in behaviour and brain chemistry.Until now, only mammals have been shown to seek out addictive drugs in the absence of a concurrent natural reward such as sugar. Brian Entler, Timothy Cannon and

Categories: Literature

Computer science: Ancient scroll virtually unrolled

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Computer science: Ancient scroll virtually unrolled

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589e

Researchers have revealed the hidden contents of a fragile and damaged biblical scroll, thanks to computer scanning and imaging techniques.The En-Gedi scroll dates back to at least the fourth century AD — the oldest Hebrew scroll found, other than the Dead Sea Scrolls

Categories: Literature

Ecology: Rats and cats drive extinctions

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Ecology: Rats and cats drive extinctions

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537589f

Non-native predatory mammals such as cats and rats can wreak havoc on native animal populations, especially on islands.Tim Doherty of Deakin University in Melbourne, Australia, and his colleagues studied the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of threatened species. They found

Categories: Literature

African elephants, forensic science and China’s gene bank

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

African elephants, forensic science and China’s gene bank

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/537590a

The week in science: 23–29 September

Categories: Literature

Cuban crocodiles pose conservation conundrum

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Cuban crocodiles pose conservation conundrum

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/537596a

Author: Sara Reardon

Genetic analyses of endangered animals reveal high level of interbreeding with hardier American species.

Categories: Literature

Solar on the steppe: Ukraine embraces renewables revolution

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Solar on the steppe: Ukraine embraces renewables revolution

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/537598a

Author: Quirin Schiermeier

Former Soviet nation bids for independence from Russian fossil fuels.

Categories: Literature

Can Cuban science go global?

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Can Cuban science go global?

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/537600a

Author: Sara Reardon

Tensions between Cuba and the United States are easing. But researchers still struggle to join the scientific world.

Categories: Literature

Boost resilience of small and mid-sized cities

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Boost resilience of small and mid-sized cities

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537605a

Authors: Joern Birkmann, Torsten Welle, William Solecki, Shuaib Lwasa & Matthias Garschagen

Smaller settlements are growing faster than megacities — and they need more protection from extreme events, write Joern Birkmann and colleagues.

Categories: Literature

Where to put the next billion people

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Where to put the next billion people

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537608a

Authors: Richard T. T. Forman & Jianguo Wu

Richard T. T. Forman and Jianguo Wu call for global and regional approaches to urban planning.

Categories: Literature

Give cities a seat at the top table

Wed, 09/28/2016 - 00:00

Give cities a seat at the top table

Nature 537, 7622 (2016). doi:10.1038/537611a

Author: Michele Acuto

Building more strategic links between urban innovation and global governance will help to tackle today's grand challenges, argues Michele Acuto.

Categories: Literature

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